Many Indian Statues are made by the lost wax process in which a wax sculpture of an image is covered in clay which is then baked. The wax melts away leaving a negative image of the sculpture inside the hardened clay. Molten metal is then poured into the mould.
Nataraj is shown dancing on a dwarf, a symbol of ignorance. A cobra uncoils from his lower right forearm, and the crescent moon and a skull are on his crest. The upper right hand holds a small drum shaped like an hourglass that is called a ḍamaru, it symbolizes sound originating creation.